Tuesday, October 30, 2018

Five times Prayer in Qur'an

At the time of the Messenger of Allah (saws), there were five prayers prayed in the Mosque at five different times. The Quranic aayats regarding the timing of prayers are as follows:

Chapter 11, Surah Hud ayaat 114: Establish the Salat at the two ends of the day and in the early part of the night. (implies fajr, magrib and isha)

Chapter 2, Surah Baqarah ayaat 238:  Take great care of your Prayers, especially of the middle Prayer and stand before Allah like devoted servants. (implies asr) 

Chapter 17 Bani Israel ayaat 78:  Establish the Salat from the declining of the sun to the darkness of the night and be particular about the recital of the Quran at dawn for the recital of the Quran at dawn is witnessed. (implies asr, magrib and fajr)

Chapter 30 Surah Rum ayat 17-18:  So, glorify Allah in the evening and in the morning; praise is due to Him alone in the heavens and the earth: and (glorify Him) in the afternoon and at the declining of the day. (implies fajr, magrib, dhuhr and asr)

Chapter 50 Surah Qaf ayat 39-40:  Therefore, O Prophet (saws), bear with patience whatever they say, and keep up glorifying your Lord with his praise, before sunrise and before sunset. And glorify Him again in the night and also when are free from prostrations. (implies fajr, dhuhr, asr, isha and tahajjud)

The prayer timings in the Quran are implied and thus if the above ayaats are read together, they clearly point towards the 5 obligatory fard prayers. A point to note when reading and understanding the Quran is that we must see how the Prophet (saws) understood and implemented the aayaats. The Prophet (saws) and all his companions prayed 5 times. Prayer was such a thing that it happened 5 times a day in front of thousands of people and thousands of people witnessed the timings and related them in their narrations. In times of extreme rain and travel, the Prophet (saws) did join sometimes the dhuhr/asr and also the magrib/isha prayers according to one tradition, but on a regular basis, he always led the congregation on the allotted 5 different times.Five times Prayer in Qur'an

Saturday, March 10, 2018

100 Instructions From Quran

1. Do not be rude in speech (3:159)
2. Restrain Anger (3:134)
3. Be good to others (4:36)
4. Do not be arrogant (7:13)
5. Forgive others for their mistakes (7:199)
6. Speak to people mildly (20:44)
7. Lower your voice (31:19)
8. Do not ridicule others (49:11)
9. Be dutiful to parents(17:23)
10. Do not say a word of disrespect to parents (17:23)
11. Do not enter parents’ private room without asking permission (24:58)
12. Write down the debt (2:282)
13. Do not follow anyone blindly (2:170)
14. Grant more time to repay if the debtor is in hard time (2:280)
15. Don’t consume interest (2:275)
16. Do not engage in bribery (2:188)
17. Do not break the promise (2:177)
18. Keep the trust (2:283)
19. Do not mix the truth with falsehood (2:42)
20. Judge with justice between people (4:58)
21. Stand out firmly for justice (4:135)
22. Wealth of the dead should be distributed among his family members (4:7)
23. Women also have the right for inheritance (4:7)
24. Do not devour the property of orphans (4:10)
25. Protect orphans (2:220)
26. Do not consume one another’s wealth unjustly (4:29)
27. Try for settlement between people (49:9)
28. Avoid suspicion (49:12)
29. Do not spy and backbite (2:283)
30. Do not spy or backbite (49:12)
31. Spend wealth in charity (57:7)
32. Encourage feeding poor (107:3)
33. Help those in need by finding them (2:273)
34. Do not spend money extravagantly (17:29)
35. Do not invalidate charity with reminders (2:264)
36. Honor guests (51:26)
37. Order righteousness to people only after practicing it yourself(2:44)
38. Do not commit abuse on the earth (2:60)
39. Do not prevent people from mosques (2:114)
40. Fight only with those who fight you (2:190)
41. Keep the etiquettes of war (2:191)
42. Do not turn back in battle (8:15)
43. No compulsion in religion (2:256)
44. Believe in all prophets (2:285)
45. Do not have sexual intercourse during menstrual period (2:222)
46. Breast feed your children for two complete years (2:233)
47. Do not even approach unlawful sexual intercourse (17:32)
48. Choose rulers by their merit (2:247)
49. Do not burden a person beyond his scope (2:286)
50. Do not become divided (3:103)
51. Think deeply about the wonders and creation of this universe (3:191)
52. Men and Women have equal rewards for their deeds (3:195)
53. Do not marry those in your blood relation (4:23)
54. Family should be led by men (4:34)
55. Do not be miserly (4:37)
56.Do not keep envy (4:54)
57. Do not kill each other (4:92)
58. Do not be an advocate for deceit (4:105)
59. Do not cooperate in sin and aggression (5:2)
60. Cooperate in righteousness (5:2)
61. ’Having majority’ is not a criterion of truth (6:116)
62. Be just (5:8)
63. Punish for crimes in an exemplary way (5:38)
64. Strive against sinful and unlawful acts (5:63)
65. Dead animals, blood, the flesh of swine are prohibited (5:3)
66. Avoid intoxicants and alcohol (5:90)
67. Do not gamble (5:90)
68. Do not insult others’ deities (6:108)
69. Don’t reduce weight or measure to cheat people (6:152)
70. Eat and Drink, But Be Not Excessive (7:31)
71. Wear good cloths during prayer times (7:31)
72. protect and help those who seek protection (9:6)
73. Keep Purity (9:108)
74. Never give up hope of Allah’s Mercy (12:87)
75. Allah will forgive those who have done wrong out of ignorance (16:119)
76. Invitation to God should be with wisdom and good instruction (16:125)
77. No one will bear others’ sins (17:15)
78. Do not kill your children for fear of poverty (17:31)
79. Do not pursue that of which you have no knowledge (17:36)
80. Keep aloof from what is vain (23:3)
81. Do not enter others’ houses without seeking permission (24:27)
82. Allah will provide security for those who believe only in Allah (24:55)
83. Walk on earth in humility (25:63)
84. Do not neglect your portion of this world (28:77)
85. Invoke not any other god along with Allah (28:88)
86. Do not engage in homosexuality (29:29)
87. Enjoin right, forbid wrong (31:17)
88. Do not walk in insolence through the earth (31:18)
89. Women should not display their finery (33:33)
90. Allah forgives all sins (39:53)
91. Do not despair of the mercy of Allah (39:53)
92. Repel evil by good (41:34)
93. Decide on affairs by consultation (42:38)
94. Most noble of you is the most righteous (49:13)
95. No Monasticism in religion (57:27)
96. Those who have knowledge will be given a higher degree by Allah (58:11)
97. Treat non-Muslims in a kind and fair manner (60:8)
98. Save yourself from covetousness (64:16)
99. Seek forgiveness of Allah. He is Forgiving and Merciful (73:20)
100. Do not repel the petitioner/beggar (93:10)

Friday, December 8, 2017

40 hadiths of Imam Al-Nawawi by Sheikh Navaid Aziz

Shykh Yasir Qadhi emphasized in a lecture to go through 40 Hadith of Imam An Nawawi followed by his Riyad Us Salehin. When looking at youtube videos I found Shykh Navaid Aziz's lectures to be very detail and well explained. So i am going through these.

In the first 2 lectures, Shykh Navaid explained a lot about the Science of Hadith. The 7 categories of Hadith in acceptable / not acceptable forms were decided based on so many different attributes of the narrators, chain, content, the timing, place and situations and their relative occurrences etc. 9 book of Hadiths with 6 of them widely accepted as Kutub Al-Sittah. I was thinking why not write a software program where we can input all those data and evaluation criteria to come up with a mathematical authenticity score instead of 7 relative levels of acceptance / rejection? But then I am afraid of Bidah (innovation in religious matters). So I will stop with just this mention here about the possibility of writing a computer program that can do based on the data gathered by past great Islamic scholars and come up with a precise ranking of 25,000 to 35,000 Sahih /Hasan hadiths and possibly all 700,000 hadiths (that include Daif/weak and fabricated ones as well). Allah knows best.

I have documented this idea at Software Program to Rank / Score Hadith Authenticity as well.

Wednesday, June 28, 2017

Islamophobia vs Criticism of Islam by Hamza Andreas Tzortzis

Source: Facebook post of Hamza Tzortzis

My dear brothers and sisters, please do not conflate Islamophobia with legitimate criticism of Islam. The inability to understand the difference will only make things worse. Please remember, we are standing on the shoulders of giants. Our traditional and classical scholars were the first to pose challenging questions and criticisms about their own faith, yet they presented profound answers and articulated well formed arguments. If people are censored or silenced when they have a legitimate question or criticism they will seek answers from biased sources that do not represent our intellectual tradition. We can't escape the modern world. It is time to pull our intellectual sleeves up and get to work. 

A good place to start online is by visiting Yaqeen Institute for Islamic Research's website, the Renovatio journal by Zaytuna College and my website (www.hamzatzortzis.com).
I have spent some time upgrading most of my essays and articles, which include new writings on various topics. I will be posting more in the future God-willing. Here are few legitimate questions with the answers:

If God is loving and merciful why is there so much evil and suffering in the world?

Can good exist without God?

Does God exist?

Does God need our worship? Why did He create us to worship Him?

How do you know God is one?

Some physicists argue the universe came from nothing, is this true?

Are ISIS Islamic?

Here are some of my favourites from Yaqeen Institute's website:

The myth of an antisemitic genocide in Muslim scripture

Islam and the golden rule

Islam and the accusation of violence and terrorism

Although the Renovatio journal is new, here is one of my favourite essays:

Can materialism explain the mind?

I pray this has sparked something within you to start to articulate a compassionate and intelligent case for Islam. I pray we all become vessels of love, mercy, reason, tolerance and compassion.

(Note: Legitimate in this context means justified, valid and genuine. Their criticisms are wrong and unfounded but they cam still be justified, valid and genuine from the point of view that they are misinformed and lack knowledge. I hope this clarifies. ‏It is our job to educate and inform people.)